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Robert Moog and one of his early creations.

Robert Moog, Inventor of the Synthesizer, Dies at 71
Published August 25, 2005

Moog's creation became ubiquitous by the '70s and '80s. Originally championed by progressive rock groups and experimental artists, the synthezier ultimately found its way into virtually every genre of music.

Robert Moog, who invented the electronic music synthesizer that carried his name and ultimately led to vast changes in the very sound of contemporary music on a worldwide level, died August 21 in Asheville, N.C. He was 71. The cause was a brain tumor.
        The Moog synthesizer first gained popularity in the late 1960s and '70s when its electronic manipulations of sound were incorporated into recordings and performances by experimental avant-garde musicians and rock bands, particularly those considered "progressive."
        Although moog's original creation was improved upon by other manufacturers, his name, said the New York Times, "became so closely associated with electronic sound that it was often used generically, if incorrectly, to describe synthesizers of all kinds."